Bao Zhiming (Ph.D., Department of Sociology, Peking University, 1994) is currently director and a professor in the Department of Sociology at Minzu University of China. From 1991 to 1993, he was a research student in Osaka, Japan. From 1998 to 2005, he studied in Japanese universities and academic institute such as National Museum of Ethnology, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Rissho University. From 2005 to 2007, he was a full-time professor in Nagoya University of Commerce and Business in Japan. He has undertaken ethnographic research on Mongolia culture and society following years of multi-sided fieldwork in Inner Mongolia and has published The Life of Mongolian Peasants in Horchin (in Mongolian, 1999). His current research project is on the ecological relocation in Inner Mongolia from the perspective of environmental sociology and ecological anthropology and has published "Definition, Categorization and Other Issues on Ecological Migration (Relocation)"(2006) and "Impact of Ecological Migration (Relocation) on Nomadic Existence"(2005).