Li Mingru is a Ph.D. candidate in the Graduate School of Global Studies at Doshisha University, Japan. She obtained her Master of Science degree (International Relations) from the University of Bristol, UK in 2013. Her current research interests focus on aid study and human resource development in Africa. Her Ph.D. thesis is about a comparative study on China and Japan’s foreign aid to Africa in the field of higher education. By doing so, she will explore how foreign donors promote African countries’ self-development by means of aiding human resource development.