HYI Working Paper Series: Hong Wei and Wang Shuyan

洁净与危险:文化人类学视角下的空气污染感知 ("Purity and Danger: Public Perceptions of Air Pollution from A Perspective of Cultural Anthropology") (Hong Wei and Wang Shuyan, Tsinghua University)
 
摘要:近年来,“雾霾”问题逐渐引起全社会的广泛关注。然而,在相似污染环境下,人们对污染严重性的感知和理解却存在差异。本文通过对2013年中国综合社会调查数据、空气质量数据和新闻报道信息的分析,以及多场点的人类学观察,指出公众的空气污染感知并非完全由生理和客观环境决定,而是受到媒体、社交网络等风险放大站的形塑、带有社会文化属性的个体感受。其中关于洁净与肮脏的分类系统,是建构公众感知的重要中介。
 
Abstract: In recent years, the "smog" problem has aroused wide concern in China. However, people have different perceptions of the severity of air pollution even in similarly polluted environment. Based on a quantitative analysis of Chinese General Social Survey data, air quality index data, news reports in 2013, and multi-site anthropological observations, this paper illustrates that public perception of air pollution is not completely determined by physiological feelings and external environment, but shaped by media, social networks and other socio-cultural factors. The classification system used to distinguish purity and danger, is an important intermediate in constructing public perceptions of air pollution.
 
关键词:空气污染;风险感知;雾霾;公众理解科学
Keywords:  Air pollution; Risk perception; Smog; Public Understanding of Science